Quantum Computing Market to Develop as Researchers Discover a New state of Matter that could enable Creation of Next-Generation Quantum Computer
Posted On April 16, 2022
Spin, a sort of quantum angular momentum, is a feature of electrons that allows them to point up or down. The electrons in quantum spin liquids, on the other hand, refuse to make a choice. The electrons are organized in a triangular lattice rather than sitting next to each other. In a manner, that each electron has two near neighbors. The scientists refer to this tangled state as a "frustrated" magnet. The electrons and their atoms are pushed into a strange combination of quantum states known as a quantum superposition since the spin states no longer know which direction to point.
For the first time in the research world, scientists have discovered a long-hypothesized, never-seen-before form of Matter. Scientists have managed to coax rubidium atoms into a chaotic soup of quantum uncertainty known as a quantum spin liquid. They did so by firing lasers onto an ultracold lattice of rubidium atoms. The new state of Matter could be exploited to create more advanced quantum computers, enhancing the Quantum Computing Market.
The atoms present within the quantum magnetic soup swiftly couple with each other. They work by linking up their state over the whole material, referring to the process of quantum entanglement. This denotes that every change in the atom in the material generates immediate changes in all others; this achievement could open the path for even better quantum computers.
According to the research team, it was a unique moment in science. To grasp the qualities of this strange condition, one can touch, poke, and prod it. It's a brand-new condition of Matter that no one has ever seen before.
Because the researchers couldn't investigate the ideal quantum spin liquid directly, they built a near-perfect replica in a different experimental apparatus. They froze an array of 219 trapped rubidium atoms to temperatures of around ten microkelvins (near to absolute zero or negative), which can be used to create and mimic various quantum processes minutely.
The researchers' proof of concept developed a small topological qubit with only a few tens of atoms in width. However, they intend to make far more extensive, more practical ones in the future. They demonstrated the initial stages of creating this topological qubit but still need to explain how to encode and operate it. There's a lot more to discover now.