New Study could Impact the Carbon Dioxide Market as Researchers Employ a Process to Convert CO2 into Ethylene

Posted On April 16, 2022     

The world's most important chemical, according to some scientists, is ethylene. It's present in various plastics, from water bottles to PVC pipes and textiles and rubber, which can be found in tyres and insulation. As it is made from renewable resources, the molecule they generate is known as "green ethylene." Ideally, greenhouse gases should e removed from the environment while still producing fuels and chemicals. However, a lot of carbon dioxide is emitted by power plants and ethylene facilities. The goal of research teams is to use electrochemical conversion to capture carbon dioxide and convert it to ethylene. So far, the process has consumed more energy than it has produced in ethylene.

A team has created a promising electrochemical system for converting pollutants from chemical and power industries into usable products while combating climate change. The study may impact the Carbon Dioxide Market as researchers employed the two-step cascade reaction to convert carbon dioxide to carbon monoxide. Subsequently, it was converted into ethylene, a molecule used in everything from food packaging to tyres. The significance of two-stage conversion is that it allows us to boost ethylene selectivity and production while using a low-cost technique. Since the electrode structure is general and simple, this approach can be used for various reactions.

Carbon dioxide is transformed into ethylene to lower the world's carbon footprint. The basic principle of the plug flow reactor inspired the research concept. The group used the reactor design idea for the two-stage conversion in our segmented electrodes design. "Selectivity" denotes the ability to isolate the desired molecules. The amount of ethylene that the reactor can create is referred to as its productivity. The team strategically converted carbon emissions into valuable due to its numerous downstream applications.

In the coming future, they may be able to employ this approach to cut carbon emissions while also profiting from it. As a result, lowering carbon emissions will no longer be an expensive operation.

Researchers successfully doubled the performance even with commercial copper. They could fix the economic problem with an even stronger catalyst. The present technique is quite general, but one is free to use their preferred catalysts.
The group applied for patents on their design last year. According to a member, the technique would take some time to become profitable. But they've already made huge strides, he says. In the last decade, technology has advanced dramatically. So hopefully, comparable progress will be noticed in the next ten years. This is a game-changer.

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